Definition of obesity :
The World Health Organization defines obesity as an excessive increase in the accumulation of fat in the body that represents a health risk to the body. Anyone with a BMI above 25 is considered obese by the agreed criteria for measuring obesity.
Types of obesity
Obesity is divided in terms of the degree of measurement into three categories: overweight, then obesity, and excessive obesity, each of which is estimated according to the value of the body mass index..
What is morbid obesity
Anyone who is overweight by 45 kilograms (that is, has a body mass index above the value of 40) is considered obese. Obesity is the major health problem and the greatest risk of causing health problems and other diseases, obese patients must lose weight by undergoing one of the treatment programs agreed upon in consultation with a doctor or nutritionist or else they risk exposure to a wide range of diseases and ailments.
Stages of obesity
But obesity begins first of all from the stage of normal weight, and may start from the stage of underweight at times, the weight continues to increase through the stage of overweight obesity until reaching obesity. The stages of weight gain are divided into three basic stages::
Overweight: each case in which the BMI is between 25 and 29.5
Obesity : cases where the body mass index has a value between 30 and 39.5
Severe obesity: are conditions in which the body mass index is 40 or more.
What are the symptoms of obesity
The most obvious symptom of obesity is weight gain and the emergence of areas where fat accumulates in excess, such as a sagging abdomen, and all other symptoms are caused by a large increase in weight. Symptoms of weight gain include:
Sleep disorders: obesity is associated with sleep apnea, which causes daytime sleepiness and insufficient sleep at night،
Back and joint pain،
Infection in the folds of the skin،
Shortness of breath.
Causes of obesity
Obesity has many causes that vary between nutritional causes with unhealthy habits, pathological causes and genetic causes, and can be attributed to more than one of the causes of obesity at the same time according to the case studied. It is well established that the cause of obesity is an imbalance between energy intake and consumption in the body. Predisposing factors for obesity include :
Eating habits and unhealthy lifestyle habits are the most common causes of obesity. And basically the diet is high-calorie, with a lack of vegetables and fruits and excessive eating of fast food. Avoiding these habits is helpful in preventing obesity.
It also increases the liquid calories that the esophagus drinks daily routinely without feeling full of the total intake of calories, such as drinking juices, soft drinks and sweeteners and alcohol abuse, as alcohol consumption reduces the burning of calories in the body.
Lack of physical activity also increases the problem, causing the body to consume less fat stored in it, and with a sufficient amount of calories incoming to the body daily exceeds the incoming consumption and weight increases.
Diseases causing obesity
Obesity may result in some cases from diseases that affect one and cause an increase in weight, these diseases vary by type and mechanism caused by obesity, and the most important diseases associated with weight gain:
Insulin resistance (diabetes mellitus)،
Polycystic ovary syndrome.
The harms and risks of obesity
Patients with obesity are susceptible to a wide range of diseases, and the most prominent harms of obesity are:
Heart disease and stroke،
High arterial tension،
Shortness of breath and lung diseases such as asthma،
Arterial sclerosis and hypercholesterolemia،
Type 2 diabetes،
Multiple types of cancers such as bowel cancer, breast, and uterine cancer،
Heartburn, liver disease, and gallstones،
Sleep apnea disease
Inflammation of bones and joints،
Reproductive and sexual disorders،
Symptoms of coronavirus intensify when infected.
Obesity can also cause several problems in pregnant women, such as gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.
How is obesity diagnosed?
Obesity is diagnosed visually by overweight and fat accumulation that is clearly visible on the patient, and the pattern of obesity is accurately determined using BMI.
Methods of treatment of obesity
The methods available to treat obesity vary from simple methods of treating obesity without surgery, including lifestyle changes and diet adjustments, to surgical treatment in cases of severe obesity, through medication and other methods.
Treatment of obesity without surgery
Treating obesity without surgery is the method that the vast majority of people follow, and basically involves two steps::
Diet modification: follow a low-calorie and protein-rich diet, while increasing the proportion of vegetables and fruits and reducing the intake of bread, starches and whole grains.
Increase physical activity: exercise regularly and on a schedule, and increase motor activities, and walking.
Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
Treatment of obesity with drugs
When diet and exercise are not effective in weight loss, you can resort to drugs called lip protectors that reduce the amount of fat absorbed by the body during digestion.
Acupuncture obesity treatment
The help of Chinese needles for weight loss can be resorted to along with diet and exercise and maybe more useful than drugs in this, and it is safe but there are not enough studies to confirm its effectiveness.
Surgical treatment of obesity
Obesity can be treated with surgery when the hope of the effectiveness of other methods is interrupted, and obesity can be treated with several types of surgeries, including sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, gastric balloon, and others. By choosing your medical treatment, you are absolutely certain that you have made the right choice for your partner in obesity treatment. Contact us to find out the latest types of obesity treatment in Turkey and determine the best options that suit you.